INWK Q2 2015 10-Q

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

________________________________________ 

FORM 10-Q
________________________________________ 
  
ý
Quarterly Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2015
  
¨
Transition Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For the transition period from                              to
 
Commission File Number 000-52170
________________________________________ 
 
INNERWORKINGS, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
________________________________________ 
 
Delaware
 
20-5997364
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation or Organization)
 
Identification No.)
 
600 West Chicago Avenue, Suite 850
Chicago, Illinois 60654
Phone: (312) 642-3700
(Address, Zip Code and telephone number, including area code, of principal executive offices)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes:   ý    No:   ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes:   ý      No:   ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Check one:
 
Large accelerated filer:   ¨
Accelerated filer:   x
Non-accelerated filer: ¨ Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company  ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes: ¨ No:  ý
 
As of August 5, 2015, the Registrant had 53,790,784 shares of Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share, outstanding, which includes 1,074,558 shares of unvested restricted stock awards that have voting rights and are held by members of the Board of Directors and the Company’s employees.



INNERWORKINGS, INC.
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) and Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 (Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2015 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2014
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 (Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
 
 
 
Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
 
 
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
 
 
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
 
 
 
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
 
 
 
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
 
 
 
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
 
 
Item 6.
Exhibits
 
 
 
SIGNATURES
 
 
 
 
EXHIBIT INDEX
 

2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.  Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

InnerWorkings, Inc. and subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Revenue
$
252,227,148

 
$
260,349,591

 
$
494,322,645

 
$
501,839,255

Cost of goods sold
193,247,621

 
201,422,560

 
380,278,414

 
388,327,830

Gross profit
58,979,527

 
58,927,031

 
114,044,231

 
113,511,425

Operating expenses:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Selling, general and administrative expenses
50,436,272

 
50,634,671

 
98,083,602

 
100,206,152

Depreciation and amortization
4,266,290

 
4,373,798

 
8,357,228

 
8,544,514

Change in fair value of contingent consideration
676,424

 
521,669

 
989,657

 
(173,508
)
Income from operations
3,600,541

 
3,396,893

 
6,613,744

 
4,934,267

Other income (expense):
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest income
27,434

 
13,669

 
48,322

 
17,677

Interest expense
(1,105,342
)
 
(933,377
)
 
(2,250,661
)
 
(2,003,284
)
Other, net
12,578

 
(138,459
)
 
97,220

 
(188,233
)
Total other expense
(1,065,330
)
 
(1,058,167
)
 
(2,105,119
)
 
(2,173,840
)
Income before income taxes
2,535,211

 
2,338,726

 
4,508,625

 
2,760,427

Income tax expense
1,104,050

 
733,354

 
1,938,744

 
865,648

Net income
$
1,431,161

 
$
1,605,372

 
$
2,569,881

 
$
1,894,779

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share
$
0.03

 
$
0.03

 
$
0.05

 
$
0.04

Diluted earnings per share
$
0.03

 
$
0.03

 
$
0.05

 
$
0.04

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income (loss)
$
3,529,425

 
$
2,113,241

 
$
(1,773,865
)
 
$
2,718,397

 
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
 

3


InnerWorkings, Inc. and subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet
 
June 30,
2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 

 
 

Current assets:
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
15,565,784

 
$
22,577,942

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,236,217 and $2,685,497, respectively
187,162,678

 
179,465,922

Unbilled revenue
33,264,815

 
31,698,924

Inventories
38,007,801

 
27,162,642

Prepaid expenses
13,072,965

 
12,684,237

Deferred income taxes
1,860,995

 
1,819,139

Other current assets
27,273,780

 
28,818,891

Total current assets
316,208,818

 
304,227,697

Property and equipment, net
32,933,558

 
29,763,583

Intangibles and other assets:
 

 
 

Goodwill
245,103,696

 
246,947,900

Intangible assets, net
41,206,901

 
44,919,573

Deferred income taxes
4,442,840

 
3,903,937

Other non-current assets
1,782,328

 
1,487,690

Total intangibles and other assets
292,535,765

 
297,259,100

Total assets
$
641,678,141

 
$
631,250,380

Liabilities and stockholders' equity
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
150,017,874

 
$
144,044,592

Current portion of contingent consideration
4,677,048

 
9,078,138

Due to seller
7,455,839

 
402,499

Other liabilities
31,541,373

 
30,636,505

Accrued expenses
9,711,246

 
9,989,963

Total current liabilities
203,403,380

 
194,151,697

Revolving credit facility
111,934,520

 
104,538,750

Deferred income taxes
10,067,834

 
9,967,039

Contingent consideration, net of current portion
18,982,938

 
23,504,436

Other non-current liabilities
3,356,567

 
2,941,889

Total liabilities
347,745,239

 
335,103,811

Commitments and contingencies (See Note 10)


 


Stockholders' equity:
 

 
 

Common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, 200,000,000 and 200,000,000 shares authorized, 62,416,909 and 61,851,709 shares issued, 52,687,548 and 52,830,842 shares outstanding, respectively
6,242

 
6,185

Additional paid-in capital
211,536,287

 
207,428,962

Treasury stock at cost, 9,729,361 and 9,020,867 shares, respectively
(54,269,995
)
 
(49,996,166
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(9,744,881
)
 
(5,401,135
)
Retained earnings
146,405,249

 
144,108,723

Total stockholders' equity
293,932,902

 
296,146,569

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
641,678,141

 
$
631,250,380


See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


InnerWorkings, Inc. and subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)

 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
Cash flows from operating activities
 

 
 

Net income
$
2,569,881

 
$
1,894,779

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
8,357,228

 
8,544,514

Stock-based compensation expense
3,627,704

 
2,648,731

Deferred income taxes
691,940

 
413,881

Bad debt provision
1,048,815

 
444,529

Change in fair value of contingent consideration
989,657

 
(173,508
)
Other operating activities
104,854

 
208,830

Change in assets:
 

 
 

Accounts receivable and unbilled revenue
(10,311,462
)
 
(19,308,468
)
Inventories
(10,845,159
)
 
(234,428
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
720,225

 
(7,822,523
)
Change in liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts payable
5,973,282

 
4,169,820

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
(1,939,962
)
 
5,025,757

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
987,003

 
(4,188,086
)
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities
 

 
 

Purchases of property and equipment
(8,655,647
)
 
(7,835,551
)
Other investing activities

 
(594,207
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(8,655,647
)
 
(8,429,758
)
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities
 

 
 

Net borrowings from revolving credit facility
7,395,770

 
20,000,000

Net short-term secured borrowings
668,982

 
2,195,909

Repurchases of common stock
(4,897,184
)
 

Payments of contingent consideration
(2,176,775
)
 
(4,715,091
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
598,514

 
102,188

Other financing activities
(178,939
)
 
(273,607
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
1,410,368

 
17,309,399

 
 
 
 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(753,882
)
 
66,614

(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
(7,012,158
)
 
4,758,169

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
22,577,942

 
18,606,030

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
15,565,784

 
$
23,364,199


See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.


5

InnerWorkings, Inc. and subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2015




1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Basis of Presentation of Interim Financial Statements
 
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of InnerWorkings, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) included herein have been prepared to conform to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the accompanying unaudited financial statements have been included, and all adjustments are of a normal and recurring nature. The operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year ending December 31, 2015. These condensed interim consolidated financial statements and notes should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto as of and for the year ended December 31, 2014 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 6, 2015.
 
Description of the Business
 
The Company was incorporated in the state of Delaware on January 3, 2006. The Company is a leading global marketing execution firm for Fortune 500 brands across a wide range of industries. As a comprehensive outsourced enterprise solution, the Company leverages proprietary technology, an extensive supplier network and deep domain expertise to streamline the creation, production, and distribution of marketing and promotional materials, signage and displays, retail experiences, events and promotions, and packaging across every major market worldwide. The items the Company sources are generally procured through the marketing supply chain, and are referred to collectively as marketing materials. The Company’s technology and database of information is designed to capitalize on excess manufacturing capacity and other inefficiencies in the traditional marketing and print supply chain to obtain favorable pricing and to deliver high-quality products and services.
 
The Company is organized and managed as three business segments, North America, Latin America and EMEA, and is viewed as three operating segments by the chief operating decision maker for purposes of resource allocation and assessing performance. See Note 13 for further information about the Company’s reportable segments.
 
Reclassifications
 
Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current presentation. These reclassifications have not been material and have not affected net income.
 
Preparation of Financial Statements and Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its estimates, including those related to product returns, allowance for doubtful accounts, inventories and inventory valuation, valuation and impairments of goodwill and long-lived assets, income taxes, contingencies, stock-based compensation and litigation. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on other assumptions that its management believes are reasonable under the circumstances. These estimates form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities when those values are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results can differ from those estimates.
 
Foreign Currency Translation

The Company determines the functional currency for its parent company and each of its subsidiaries by reviewing the currencies in which their respective operating activities occur. Assets and liabilities of these operations are translated into U.S. currency at the rates of exchange at the balance sheet date. Income and expense items are translated at average monthly rates of exchange. The resulting translation adjustments are included in accumulated other comprehensive loss, a separate component of stockholders’ equity. Transaction gains and losses arising from activities in other than the applicable functional currency are calculated using average exchange rates for the applicable period and reported in net income as a non-operating item in each period.

6

InnerWorkings, Inc. and subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2015


Non-monetary balance sheet items denominated in a currency other than the applicable functional currency are translated using the historical rate.

Revenue Recognition
 
The Company recognizes revenue upon meeting all of the following revenue recognition criteria, which are typically met upon shipment or delivery of its products to customers: (i) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists through customer contracts and orders, (ii) the customer takes title and assumes the risks and rewards of ownership, (iii) the sales price charged is fixed or determinable as evidenced by customer contracts and orders, and (iv) collectability is reasonably assured. Unbilled revenue relates to shipments that have been made to customers for which the related account receivable has not yet been billed.
 
In accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 605-45, Revenue Recognition – Principal Agent Considerations, the Company generally reports revenue on a gross basis because the Company is the primary obligor in its arrangements to procure marketing materials and other products for its customers. Under these arrangements, the Company is responsible for the fulfillment, including the acceptability, of the marketing materials and other products. In addition, the Company (i) determines which suppliers are included in its network, (ii) has discretion to select from among the suppliers within its network, (iii) is obligated to pay its suppliers regardless of whether it is paid by its customers, and (iv) has reasonable latitude to establish exchange price. In some transactions, the Company also has general inventory risk and is involved in the determination of the nature or characteristics of the marketing materials and products. When the Company is not the primary obligor, revenues are reported net.
 
The Company recognizes revenue for creative and other services provided to its customers which may be delivered in conjunction with the procurement of marketing materials at the time when delivery and customer acceptance occur and all other revenue recognition criteria are met. The Company recognizes revenue for creative and other services provided on a stand-alone basis upon completion of the service. Service revenue has not been material to the Company’s overall revenue to date.
  
Stock-Based Compensation
 
The Company accounts for stock-based compensation awards to employees and directors in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation. Compensation expense is measured by determining the fair value using the Black-Scholes option valuation model and is then recognized over the requisite service period of the awards, which is generally the vesting period, on a straight-line basis for the entire award.
 
Stock-based compensation cost recognized during the period is based on the portion of the share-based payment awards that are ultimately expected to vest. Accordingly, stock-based compensation cost recognized has been reduced for estimated forfeitures. Forfeitures are estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.
 
The Company recorded $1.6 million and $1.3 million in compensation expense for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and $3.6 million and $2.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. During the first quarter of 2015, $0.4 million of stock-based compensation was recognized related to the modification of a former executive’s award agreements in connection with his transition agreement.

 Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In July 2015, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2015-11, Inventory (Topic 330): Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory ("ASU 2015-11"). ASU 2015-11 applies to inventory that is measured using first-in, first-out (FIFO) or average cost. Under the updated guidance, an entity should measure inventory that is within scope at the lower of cost and net realizable value, which is the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. Subsequent measurement is unchanged for inventory that is measured using last-in, last-out (LIFO). The standard is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and should be applied prospectively with early adoption permitted at the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2015-11 on its consolidated financial statements.

In April 2015, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2015-5, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other – Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Fees Paid in a Cloud Computing Arrangement ("ASU 2015-5"). This update provides guidance to customers about whether a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license. If a cloud

7

InnerWorkings, Inc. and subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2015


computing arrangement includes a software license, then the customer should account for the software license element of the arrangement consistent with the acquisition of other software licenses. This guidance is effective for public companies for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2015. The new guidance is to be applied either prospectively to new cloud computing arrangements or retrospectively. The Company does not expect ASU 2015-5 to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In April 2015, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2015-3, Interest – Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30) ("ASU 2015-3"), which simplifies the presentation of debt issuance costs. This guidance requires debt issuance costs to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying value of the associated debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The standard is effective for financial statements issued for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued. The new guidance should be applied on a retrospective basis. The Company does not expect ASU 2015-3 to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In January 2015, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2015-1, Income Statement – Extraordinary and Unusual Items (Subtopic 225-20) (“ASU 2015-1”). ASU 2015-1 eliminates from GAAP the concept of extraordinary items. The standard is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted provided that guidance is applied from the beginning of the fiscal period of adoption. The Company may also apply the amendments retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the financial statements. The Company does not expect ASU 2015-1 to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
 
In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2014-9, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“ASU 2014-9”), which amends the existing accounting standards for revenue recognition. ASU 2014-9 is based on principles that govern the recognition of revenue at an amount an entity expects to be entitled when products are transferred to customers. The new revenue standard may be applied retrospectively to each prior period presented or retrospectively with the cumulative effect recognized as of the date of adoption. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted, but not before the original effective date of December 15, 2016. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting the ASU 2014-9 on its consolidated financial statements.
 
In August 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements – Going Concern (“ASU 2014-15”). ASU 2014-15 requires management to evaluate whether there are conditions and events that raise substantial doubt about the entity's ability to continue as a going concern and to provide disclosures in certain circumstances. The standard is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company does not expect ASU 2014-15 to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In April 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2014-8, Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity (“ASU 2014-8”). ASU 2014-8 provides a narrower definition of discontinued operations than currently exists under GAAP. The standard requires that only disposals of components of an entity (or groups of components) that represent a strategic shift that has or will have a major effect on the reporting entity’s operations are reported in the financial statements as discontinued operations. The standard also provides guidance on the financial statement presentations and disclosures of discontinued operations. The standard is effective prospectively for disposals (or classifications of businesses as held-for-sale) of components of an entity that occur in annual or interim periods beginning after December 15, 2014. The Company adopted ASU 2014-8 on January 1, 2015, and it did not have an effect on its consolidated financial statements.
 
2. Contingent Consideration

In connection with certain of the Company’s acquisitions, contingent consideration is payable in cash or common stock upon the achievement of certain performance measures over future periods. The Company has recorded the acquisition date fair value of the contingent consideration liability as additional purchase price. The Company has recorded $23.7 million in contingent consideration at June 30, 2015 related to these arrangements. Any adjustments made to the fair value of the contingent consideration liability subsequent to the acquisition date will be recorded in the Company’s results of operations. During the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, the Company recorded expense of $0.7 million and $0.5 million, respectively. During the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, the Company recorded expense (income) of $1.0 million and $(0.2) million, respectively.
 
As of June 30, 2015, the potential maximum contingent payments, excluding the amounts recorded in Due to seller which are currently payable, would be due as follows if all performance measures are achieved:
 

8

InnerWorkings, Inc. and subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2015


 
Cash
 
Common Stock
 
Total
2015
$

 
$
303,488

 
$
303,488

2016
26,792,010

 
50,621,357

 
77,413,367

2017

 
46,346,370

 
46,346,370

 
$
26,792,010

 
$
97,271,215

 
$
124,063,225

 
If the performance measures required by the purchase agreements are not achieved, the Company may pay less than the maximum amounts presented in the table above, depending on the terms of the agreement. While the maximum potential payments shown in the table are $124.1 million, the Company estimates the fair value of the payments that will be made is $23.7 million.
 
3. Goodwill 

The following is a summary of the goodwill balance for each operating segment as of June 30, 2015:
 
 
North America
 
Latin America
 
EMEA
 
Total
Net goodwill as of December 31, 2014
$
170,859,421


$
9,875,236


$
66,213,243


$
246,947,900

Foreign exchange impact
(45,359
)



(1,798,845
)

(1,844,204
)
Net goodwill as of June 30, 2015
$
170,814,062


$
9,875,236


$
64,414,398


$
245,103,696

 
Goodwill represents the excess of purchase price and related costs over the value assigned to the net tangible and identifiable intangible assets of businesses acquired. In accordance with ASC 350, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other ("ASC 350"), goodwill is not amortized, but instead is tested for impairment annually, or more frequently if circumstances indicate a possible impairment may exist. Absent any interim indicators of impairment, the Company tests for goodwill impairment as of the first day of the fourth fiscal quarter of each year.
 
Under ASC 350, an entity is permitted to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform the quantitative goodwill impairment test. If the quantitative test is used, in the first step, the fair value for each reporting unit is compared to its book value including goodwill. In the case that the fair value is less than the book value, a second step is performed which compares the implied fair value of goodwill to the book value of goodwill. The fair value for the goodwill is determined based on the difference between the fair value of the reporting unit and the net fair values of the identifiable assets and liabilities. If the implied fair value of the goodwill is less than the book value of the goodwill, the difference is recognized as an impairment.
  
The Company defines its three reporting units as North America, Latin America and EMEA. At October 1, 2014, the Company elected to perform the quantitative impairment test for each of its three reporting units. In performing this test, the Company determined the fair value of the reporting units based on the income approach. Under the income approach, the fair value of a reporting unit is calculated based on the present value of estimated future cash flows.
 
No impairment was identified as of October 1, 2014 and the Company does not believe that goodwill is impaired as of June 30, 2015.
 
The fair value estimates used in the goodwill impairment analysis required significant judgment. The Company's fair value estimates for purposes of performing the analysis are considered Level 3 fair value measurements. The fair value estimates were based on assumptions that management believes to be reasonable, but that are inherently uncertain, including estimates of future revenues and operating margins and assumptions about the overall economic climate and the competitive environment for the business.
 


9

InnerWorkings, Inc. and subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2015


4. Other Intangible Assets

The following is a summary of the Company’s other intangible assets as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014:

 
June 30,
2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
Weighted
Average Life
Customer lists
$
74,254,624

 
$
75,113,728

 
13.6
Noncompete agreements
1,004,474

 
1,077,349

 
4.0
Trade names
3,272,524

 
3,467,655

 
12.6
Patents
56,896

 
56,896

 
9.0
 
78,588,518

 
79,715,628

 

Less accumulated amortization
(37,381,617
)
 
(34,796,055
)
 

Intangible assets, net
$
41,206,901

 
$
44,919,573

 


In accordance with ASC 350, the Company amortizes its intangible assets with finite lives over their respective estimated useful lives and reviews for impairment whenever impairment indicators exist. Impairment indicators could include significant under-performance relative to the historical or projected future operating results, significant changes in the manner of use of assets, significant negative industry or economic trends or significant changes in the Company’s market capitalization relative to net book value. Any changes in key assumptions used by the Company, including those set forth above, could result in an impairment charge and such a charge could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations. The Company’s intangible assets consist of customer lists, noncompete agreements, trade names and patents. The Company’s customer lists, which have an estimated weighted-average useful life of approximately fourteen years, are being amortized using the economic life method. The Company’s noncompete agreements, trade names and patents are being amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated weighted-average useful lives of approximately four years, thirteen years and nine years, respectively.
 
Amortization expense related to these intangible assets was $1.4 million and $1.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and $2.9 million and $3.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

The estimated amortization expense for the next five years and thereafter is as follows:
Remainder of 2015
$
2,968,528

2016
5,614,828

2017
5,170,355

2018
4,672,191

2019
4,368,847

Thereafter
18,412,152

 
$
41,206,901

  
5. Income Taxes
 
The Company's tax provision for interim periods is determined using an estimate of its annual effective tax rate, adjusted for discrete items. The Company’s effective income tax rate was 43.5% and 31.4% for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and 43.0% and 31.4% for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The Company’s effective income tax rate differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate each year due to certain operations that are subject to tax incentives, state and local taxes, and foreign taxes that are different than the U.S. federal statutory rate. In addition, the effective tax rate can be impacted each period by discrete factors and events.
 
The effective tax rates were affected by the fair value changes to contingent consideration in each period. Portions of the total amount recognized from fair value changes to contingent consideration relate to non-taxable acquisitions for which deferred taxes are not recognized, consistent with the treatment of goodwill and intangible assets for those acquisitions under GAAP. Excluding the impact of these transactions in each period, the effective tax rate was 34.6% and 31.4% for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and 35.4% and 31.4% for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The increase in the effective tax rates is primarily due to the expiration of the federal research and development tax credit at the end of 2014 and forecasted changes in pre-tax income mix by jurisdiction.

10

InnerWorkings, Inc. and subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2015


 
6. Earnings Per Share
 
Basic earnings per common share is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted average shares outstanding plus share equivalents that would arise from the exercise of stock options, vesting of restricted common shares, and contingently issuable shares in connection with the Company’s acquisitions. During the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, an aggregate of 3,129,878 and 2,755,579 options and restricted common shares, respectively, and during the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, an aggregate of 3,318,578 and 2,622,600, respectively, were excluded from the calculation as these options and restricted common shares were anti-dilutive. The computations of basic and diluted earnings per common share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Numerator:


 


 


 


Net income
$
1,431,161

 
$
1,605,372

 
$
2,569,881

 
$
1,894,779

 


 


 


 


Denominator:


 


 


 


Weighted-average shares outstanding  basic
52,588,482

 
51,543,799

 
52,651,310

 
51,444,535

Effect of dilutive securities:


 


 


 


Employee and director stock options and restricted common shares
632,129

 
821,963

 
768,091

 
824,848

Contingently issuable shares
991,486

 
833,517

 
495,743

 
497,023

Weighted-average shares outstanding  diluted
54,212,097

 
53,199,279

 
53,915,144

 
52,766,406

 


 


 


 


Basic earnings per share
$
0.03

 
$
0.03

 
$
0.05

 
$
0.04

Diluted earnings per share
$
0.03

 
$
0.03

 
$
0.05

 
$
0.04


7. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
The table below presents changes in the components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
Foreign currency
 
Foreign currency
Balance, beginning of period
$
(11,843,145
)
 
$
3,092,749

Other comprehensive income before reclassifications
2,098,264

 
507,869

Net current-period other comprehensive income
2,098,264

 
507,869

Balance, end of period
$
(9,744,881
)
 
$
3,600,618

 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015

2014
 
Foreign currency

Foreign currency
Balance, beginning of period
$
(5,401,135
)

$
2,777,000

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
(4,343,746
)

823,618

Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)
(4,343,746
)

823,618

Balance, end of period
$
(9,744,881
)

$
3,600,618





11

InnerWorkings, Inc. and subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2015



8. Related Party Transactions
 
The Company provides print procurement services to Arthur J. Gallagher & Co. J. Patrick Gallagher, Jr., a member of the Company’s Board of Directors, is the Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of Arthur J. Gallagher & Co. and has a direct ownership interest in Arthur J. Gallagher & Co. The total amount billed for such print procurement services during the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 was $0.5 million and $0.4 million, respectively, and $0.9 million and $0.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014. Additionally, Arthur J. Gallagher & Co. provides insurance brokerage and risk management services to the Company. As consideration of these services, Arthur J. Gallagher & Co. billed the Company less than $0.1 million and less than $0.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and $0.1 million and $0.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014. The net amount receivable from Arthur J. Gallagher & Co. at June 30, 2015 was $0.1 million.
 
9. Fair Value Measurement
 
ASC 820 includes a fair value hierarchy that is intended to increase consistency and comparability in fair value measurements and related disclosures. The fair value hierarchy is based on observable or unobservable inputs to valuation techniques that are used to measure fair value. Observable inputs reflect assumptions market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability based on market data obtained from independent sources while unobservable inputs reflect a reporting entity’s pricing based upon its own market assumptions.
 
The fair value hierarchy consists of the following three levels:
 
Level 1: Inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2: Inputs are quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in an active market, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, and inputs other than quoted prices that are observable and market-corroborated inputs, which are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data.
Level 3: Inputs that are derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or value drivers are unobservable.

The Company's potential contingent consideration payments relating to acquisitions are its only Level 3 liabilities as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014. The fair value of the liabilities determined by this analysis is primarily driven by the probability of reaching the performance measures required by the purchase agreements and the associated discount rate. Probabilities are estimated by reviewing financial forecasts and assessing the likelihood of reaching the required performance measures based on factors specific to each acquisition as well as the Company’s historical experience with similar arrangements. If an acquisition reaches the required performance measure, the estimated probability would be increased to 100%, and if the measure is not reached, the probability would be reduced to reflect the amount earned, if any, depending on the terms of the agreement. Discount rates are estimated by using the local government bond yields plus the Company’s credit spread. A one percentage point increase in the discount rate across all contingent consideration liabilities would result in a decrease to the fair value of approximately $0.3 million.
 
The following table sets forth the Company’s financial assets and financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and the basis of measurement at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively:
At June 30, 2015
 
Total Fair Value Measurement
 
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets (Level 1)
 
Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2)
 
Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
Assets:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Money market funds(1)
 
$
667,220


$
667,220


$


$

Liabilities:
 











Contingent consideration
 
$
(23,659,986
)

$


$


$
(23,659,986
)
  


12

InnerWorkings, Inc. and subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2015


At December 31, 2014
 
Total Fair Value Measurement
 
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets (Level 1)
 
Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2)
 
Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
Assets:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Money market funds(1)
 
$
667,127


$
667,127


$


$

Liabilities:
 











Contingent consideration
 
$
(32,582,574
)

$


$


$
(32,582,574
)

(1)
Included in cash and cash equivalents on the balance sheet.

The following table provides a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances for the liabilities measured at fair value using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3):
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Contingent Consideration
Balance as of December 31, 2014
$
(32,582,574
)
Contingent consideration payments paid in cash
1,739,275

Contingent consideration payments paid in common stock
350,000

Change in fair value(1)
(989,657
)
Reclassification to Due to seller
7,490,840

Foreign exchange impact(2)
332,130

Balance as of June 30, 2015
$
(23,659,986
)
 
(1)
Adjustments to original contingent consideration obligations recorded were the result of using revised financial forecasts and updated fair value measurements. These changes are recognized within operating expenses on the consolidated statement of comprehensive income.
(2)
Changes in the contingent consideration liability which are caused by foreign exchange rate fluctuations are recognized in other comprehensive loss.
 
10. Commitments and Contingencies

In December 2010, e-Lynxx Corporation filed a complaint against the Company and numerous other defendants for patent infringement in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania. As to the Company, the complaint alleges, among other things, that certain aspects of the Company’s PPM4 technology infringe on two patents owned by e-Lynxx purporting to cover a system and method for competitive pricing and procurement of customized goods and services, and seeks monetary damages, interest, costs, attorneys’ fees, punitive damages and a permanent injunction. In May 2013, e-Lynxx asserted that the monetary damages it seeks from the Company are in the range of $35 million to $88 million for the period from May 2009 through December 2012; e-Lynxx has not yet specified damages sought for 2013 and future periods. The Company disputes the allegations contained in e-Lynxx’s complaint and intends to vigorously defend this matter. Specifically, the Company contends that the patents at issue are invalid and not infringed, and, therefore, e-Lynxx is not entitled to any relief and the complaint should be dismissed. Further, even if e-Lynxx could establish liability, the Company contends that e-Lynxx is not entitled to the excessive monetary relief it seeks. On July 25, 2013, the court granted the Company’s motion for summary judgment, finding that the Company did not infringe the patents-in-suit. E-Lynxx filed a motion for reconsideration, which was denied. On March 5, 2014, e-Lynxx filed an appeal from the judgment entered in favor of the Company. On February 9, 2015, the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the judgment entered in favor of the Company. All deadlines for further appellate review have since passed and the judgment in favor of the Company became a final judgment; therefore, the Company has no liability in the matter and effective July 2015, the matter is closed.
 

13

InnerWorkings, Inc. and subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2015


In October 2013, the Company removed the former owner of Productions Graphics from his role as President of Productions Graphics, the Company’s French subsidiary. He had been in that role since the Company’s 2011 acquisition of Productions Graphics, a European business then principally owned by him. In December 2013, the former owner of Productions Graphics initiated a wrongful termination claim in the Commercial Court of Paris seeking approximately €0.7 million in fees and damages. In anticipation of this claim, in November 2013, he also obtained a judicial asset attachment order in the amount of €0.7 million as payment security; the attachment order was confirmed in January 2014 and the Company filed an appeal of the order. In March 2015, the appellate court ruled in the Company’s favor in the attachment proceedings, releasing all attachments. The Company disputes the allegations of the former owner of Productions Graphics and intends to vigorously defend these matters. In February 2014, based on a review the Company initiated into certain transactions associated with the former owner of Productions Graphics, the Company concluded that he had engaged in fraud by inflating the results of the Productions Graphics business in order to induce the Company to pay him €7.1 million in contingent consideration pursuant to the acquisition agreement. In light of those findings, in February 2014, the Company filed a criminal complaint in France seeking to redress the harm caused by his conduct and this proceeding is currently pending. In addition to these pending matters, there may be other potential disputes between the Company and the former owner of Productions Graphics relating to the acquisition agreement. As of June 30, 2015, the Company had paid €5.8 million in fixed consideration and €7.1 million in contingent consideration to the former owner of Productions Graphics; the remaining maximum contingent consideration for the earn-out period ending in 2015 is €34.5 million and the Company estimates that none of this amount will be earned and payable.
 
In January 2014, a former finance employee of Productions Graphics initiated wrongful termination and overtime claims in the Labor Court of Boulogne-Billancourt, and he currently seeks damages of approximately €0.6 million. The Company disputes these allegations and intends to vigorously defend these matters. In addition, the Company’s criminal complaint in France, described above, seeks to redress harm caused by this former employee in light of his participation in the fraudulent transactions described above. 

In February 2014, shortly following the Company’s announcement of its intention to restate certain historical financial statements, an individual filed a putative securities class action complaint in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois entitled Van Noppen v. InnerWorkings et al. The complaint, as amended in July 2014, alleges that the Company and certain executive officers violated federal securities laws by making materially false or misleading statements or omissions, and by engaging in a scheme to defraud purchasers of securities, relating to the Company’s financial results and prospects. The purported misstatements and scheme relate to the Company’s inside sales initiative and the Productions Graphics business based in France. The complaint seeks unspecified damages, interest, attorneys’ fees and other costs. The Company and individual defendants dispute the claims and intend to vigorously defend the matter. On September 29, 2014, the Company and individual defendants filed a motion to dismiss the complaint for failure to state a claim, and this motion is currently pending. On December 12, 2014, the Company received a derivative demand letter on behalf of Tom Turberg, a purported stockholder, demanding that the Company’s Board of Directors investigate and take action on behalf of the Company against the executive officers named in the Van Noppen action as well as certain past and current members of the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors. The demand letter’s allegations relate to (i) the Company’s restatement of financial statements for the fourth quarter of 2011 through the third quarter of 2013, (ii) the Company’s use of gross revenue accounting, (iii) incentive compensation paid to executive officers in 2011 and 2012, (iv) allegations in the Van Noppen action, and (v) typographical errors in the 2013 Form 10-K. The demand letter has been forwarded to the Company’s Board of Directors for its review and handling. Any loss that the Company and individual defendants may incur as a result of these matters cannot be estimated.
 
11. Revolving Credit Facility

The Company entered into a Credit Agreement, dated as of August 2, 2010, subsequently amended most recently as of September 25, 2014, among the Company, the lenders party thereto and Bank of America, N.A., as Administrative Agent (the “Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement includes a revolving commitment amount of $175 million in the aggregate with a maturity date of September 25, 2019, and provides the Company the right to increase the aggregate commitment amount by an additional $50 million. Outstanding borrowings under the revolving credit facility are guaranteed by the Company’s material domestic subsidiaries, as defined in the Credit Agreement. The Company’s obligations under the Credit Agreement and such domestic subsidiaries’ guaranty obligations are secured by substantially all of their respective assets. The ranges of applicable rates charged for interest on outstanding loans and letters of credit are 125-250 basis point spread for letter of credit fees and loans based on the Eurodollar rate and 25-150 basis point spread for loans based on the base rate.
 
The terms of the Credit Agreement include various covenants, including covenants that require the Company to maintain a maximum leverage ratio and a minimum interest coverage ratio. The Credit Agreement requires the Company to maintain a leverage ratio of no more than 3.25 to 1.0 for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 and 3.00 to 1.0 for each period thereafter. The

14

InnerWorkings, Inc. and subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2015


Company is also required to maintain an interest coverage ratio of no less than 5.00 to 1.0. The Company is in compliance with all debt covenants as of June 30, 2015.
 
At June 30, 2015, the Company had $36.2 million of unused availability under the Credit Agreement and $0.7 million of letters of credit which have not been drawn upon.
 
The fair value of the debt under this Credit Agreement is not materially different from its book value as of June 30, 2015.
 
12. Share Repurchase Program

On February 12, 2015, the Company announced that its Board of Directors approved a share repurchase program authorizing the repurchase of up to an aggregate of $20 million of its common stock through open market and privately negotiated transactions over a two-year period. The timing and amount of any share repurchases will be determined based on market conditions, share price and other factors, and the program may be discontinued or suspended at any time. Repurchases will be made in compliance with SEC rules and other legal requirements.
 
During the three months ended June 30, 2015, the Company repurchased 219,163 shares of its common stock for $1.4 million at an average cost of $6.38 per share. During the six months ended June 30, 2015, the Company repurchased 763,787 shares of its common stock for $4.9 million at an average cost of $6.41 per share. Shares repurchased under this program are recorded at acquisition cost, including related expenses.

13. Business Segments
 
Segment information is prepared on the same basis that our Chief Executive Officer, who is our chief operating decision maker (“CODM”), manages the segments, evaluates financial results, and makes key operating decisions. The Company is organized and managed as three business segments: North America, Latin America, and EMEA. The North America segment includes operations in the United States and Canada; the Latin America segment includes operations in Mexico, South America, and Central America; and the EMEA segment includes operations in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and Asia. “Other” consists of intersegment eliminations, shared service activities and unallocated corporate expenses. All transactions between segments are presented at their gross amounts and eliminated through Other.
 
Management evaluates the performance of its operating segments based on net revenues and Adjusted EBITDA, which is a non-GAAP financial measure. The accounting policies of each of the operating segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies in Note 1. Adjusted EBITDA represents income from operations excluding depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation expense, income/expense related to changes in the fair value of contingent consideration liabilities and other items as described below. Management does not evaluate the performance of its operating segments using asset measures.
 
The table below presents financial information for the Company’s reportable operating segments and Other for the three and six month periods noted (in thousands):
 
 
North America

Latin America

EMEA

Other

Total
Three Months Ended June 30, 2015:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net revenue from third parties
$
168,936

 
$
26,417

 
$
56,874

 
$

 
$
252,227

Net revenue from other segments

 
758

 
2,498

 
(3,256
)
 

Total net revenues
168,936

 
27,175

 
59,372

 
(3,256
)
 
252,227

Adjusted EBITDA (1)
12,895

 
1,873

 
2,592

 
(7,250
)
 
10,110

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2014:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net revenue from third parties
$
181,402

 
$
28,192

 
$
50,756

 
$

 
$
260,350

Net revenue from other segments
48

 
150

 
1,422

 
(1,620
)
 

Total net revenues
181,450

 
28,342

 
52,178

 
(1,620
)
 
260,350

Adjusted EBITDA (1)
14,293

 
1,597

 
1,671

 
(8,016
)
 
9,545


15

InnerWorkings, Inc. and subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2015


 
 
North America
 
Latin America
 
EMEA
 
Other
 
Total
Six Months Ended June 30, 2015:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenue from third parties
$
339,737

 
$
48,366

 
$
106,220

 
$

 
$
494,323

Net revenue from other segments

 
944

 
4,510

 
(5,453
)
 

Total net revenues
339,737

 
49,309

 
110,730

 
(5,453
)
 
494,323

Adjusted EBITDA(1)
28,559

 
3,276

 
2,436

 
(14,683
)
 
19,588

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2014:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenue from third parties
$
348,843

 
$
52,900

 
$
100,096

 
$

 
$
501,839

Net revenue from other segments
48

 
218

 
2,411

 
(2,677
)
 

Total net revenues
348,891

 
53,118

 
102,507

 
(2,677
)
 
501,839

Adjusted EBITDA(1)
26,767

 
2,731

 
2,768

 
(14,219
)
 
18,047


(1)
Adjusted EBITDA, which represents income from operations with the addition of depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation expense, change in the fair value of contingent consideration liabilities and certain legal settlements, is considered a non-GAAP financial measure under SEC regulations. Income from operations is the most directly comparable financial measure calculated in accordance with GAAP. The Company presents this measure as supplemental information to help investors better understand trends in its business results over time. The Company’s management team uses Adjusted EBITDA to evaluate the performance of the business. Adjusted EBITDA is not equivalent to any measure of performance required to be reported under GAAP, nor should this data be considered an indicator of the Company’s overall financial performance and liquidity. Moreover, the Adjusted EBITDA definition the Company uses may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.
 
The table below reconciles the total of the reportable segments' Adjusted EBITDA and the Adjusted EBITDA included in Other to income before income taxes (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Adjusted EBITDA
$
10,110

 
$
9,545

 
$
19,588

 
$
18,047

Depreciation and amortization
(4,266
)
 
(4,374
)
 
(8,357
)
 
(8,545
)
Stock-based compensation expense
(1,567
)
 
(1,252
)
 
(3,628
)
 
(2,649
)
Change in fair value of contingent consideration
(676
)
 
(522
)
 
(990
)
 
174

Restatement-related professional fees

 

 

 
(2,093
)
Income from operations
3,600

 
3,397

 
6,613

 
4,934

Total other expense
(1,065
)
 
(1,058
)
 
(2,105
)
 
(2,174
)
Income before income taxes
$
2,535

 
$
2,339

 
$
4,508

 
$
2,760



16


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Overview
 
We are a leading global marketing execution firm for Fortune 500 brands across a wide range of industries. As a comprehensive outsourced enterprise solution, we leverage proprietary technology, an extensive supplier network and deep domain expertise to streamline the creation, production and distribution of marketing and promotional materials, signage and displays, retail experiences, events and promotions, and product packaging across every major market worldwide. The items we source are generally procured through the marketing supply chain, and we refer to these items collectively as marketing materials. Our technology and databases of product and supplier information are designed to capitalize on excess manufacturing capacity and other inefficiencies in the traditional marketing materials supply chain to obtain favorable pricing while delivering high-quality products and services for our clients. Since 2002, we have expanded from a regional focus to a national and now global focus.
 
Our proprietary software applications and databases create a fully-integrated solution that stores, analyzes and tracks the production capabilities of our supplier network, as well as detailed pricing data. As a result, we have one of the largest independent repositories of supplier capabilities and pricing data for suppliers of marketing materials around the world. We leverage our supplier capabilities and pricing data to match our orders with suppliers that are optimally suited to meet the client’s needs at a highly competitive price.
 
Through our network of more than 10,000 global suppliers, we offer a full range of print, fulfillment and logistics services that allow us to procure marketing materials of virtually any kind. The breadth of our product offerings and services and the depth of our supplier network enable us to fulfill the marketing materials procurement needs of our clients. By leveraging our technology and data, our clients are able to reduce overhead costs, redeploy internal resources and obtain favorable pricing and service terms. In addition, our ability to track individual transactions and provide customized reports detailing procurement activity on an enterprise-wide basis provides our clients with greater visibility and control of their marketing materials expenditures.
 
We generate revenue by procuring and purchasing products from our suppliers and selling those products to our clients. We procure products for clients across a wide range of industries, such as retail, financial services, hospitality, consumer packaged goods, non-profits, healthcare, food and beverage, broadcasting and cable, and transportation. Our clients fall into two categories, enterprise and middle market. We enter into contracts with our enterprise clients to provide some, or substantially all, of their marketing materials, typically on a recurring basis. We provide marketing materials to our middle market clients on an order-by-order basis.

 We were formed in 2001, commenced operations in 2002 and converted from a limited liability company to a Delaware corporation in January 2006. We have increased our annual revenue from $5.0 million in 2002 to $1,000.1 million in 2014, representing a compound annual growth rate of 60.2%.
 
Our corporate headquarters are located in Chicago, Illinois. As of June 30, 2015 we operated in 67 global office locations in more than 30 countries. We organize our operations into three segments based on geographic regions: North America, Latin America and EMEA. The North America segment includes operations in the United States and Canada; the Latin America segment includes operations in Mexico, South America and Central America; and the EMEA segment includes operations in Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Asia. We believe the opportunity exists to expand our business into new geographic markets. Our objective is to continue to increase our sales in the major markets in the United States and internationally. We intend to hire or acquire more account executives within close proximity to these large markets.
 
Revenue
  
We generate revenue through the procurement of marketing materials for our clients. Our revenue is generated from two different types of clients: enterprise and middle market. Enterprise clients usually order marketing materials in higher dollar amounts and volume than our middle market clients. We categorize a client as an enterprise client if we have a contract with the client for the provision of marketing materials on a recurring basis; or if the client has signed an open-ended purchase order, or a series of related purchase orders; or if the client has enrolled in our e-stores program, which enables the client to make online purchases of marketing materials on a recurring basis. We categorize all other clients as middle market clients. We enter into contracts with our enterprise clients to provide some or a specific portion of their printed products on a recurring basis. Our contracts with enterprise clients are generally three to five years, subject to termination by either party upon prior notice ranging from 90 days to twelve months.
 

17


Several of our enterprise clients have outsourced substantially all of their recurring marketing execution needs to us. We provide marketing materials to our middle market clients on an order-by-order basis. During the six months ended June 30, 2015, enterprise clients accounted for 83% of our revenue, while middle market clients accounted for 17% of our revenue.
 
Our revenue consists of the prices paid to us by our clients for marketing materials. These prices, in turn, reflect the amounts charged to us by our suppliers plus our gross profit. Our gross profit margin, in the case of some of our enterprise clients, is fixed by contract or, in the case of middle market clients, is dependent on prices negotiated on a job-by-job basis. Once either type of client accepts our pricing terms, the selling price is established and we procure the product for our own account in order to re-sell it to the client. We take full title and risk of loss for the product upon shipment. The finished product is typically shipped directly from our supplier to a destination specified by our client. Upon shipment, our supplier invoices us for the products and we invoice our client.
 
Our revenue from enterprise clients tends to generate lower gross profit margins than our revenue from middle market clients because the gross profit margins established in our contracts with large enterprise clients are generally lower than the gross profit margins typically realized in our middle market business. Although our enterprise revenue generates lower gross profit margins, our enterprise business tends to be as profitable as our middle market business on an operating profit basis because the commission expense associated with enterprise clients is generally lower.
 
We evaluate our revenue on both an as-reported and constant currency basis. Constant currency is a non-GAAP financial measure. We believe the presentation of revenue on a constant currency basis allows management and investors to measure our overall financial performance exclusive of foreign currency exchange fluctuations more clearly. Constant currency revenue is calculated by retranslating current period results at a consistent rate with the prior period results. This approach is based on the pricing currency for each country, which is typically the functional currency.

Cost of Goods Sold and Gross Profit
 
Our cost of goods sold consists primarily of the price at which we purchase products from our suppliers. Our selling price, including our gross profit, in the case of some of our enterprise clients, is based on a fixed gross margin established by contract or, in the case of middle market clients, is determined at the discretion of the account executive or production manager within predetermined parameters. Our gross margins on our enterprise clients are typically lower than our gross margins on our middle market clients. As a result, our cost of goods sold as a percentage of revenue for our enterprise clients is typically higher than those for our middle market clients. Our gross profit for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 was $59.0 million and $58.9 million, or 23.4% and 22.6% of revenue, respectively.
 
Operating Expenses
 
Our selling, general and administrative expenses consist of commissions paid to our account executives, compensation costs for our management team and production managers, as well as compensation costs for our finance and support employees, public company expenses, and corporate systems, legal and accounting, facilities and travel and entertainment expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue were 20.0% and 19.4% for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 We accrue for commissions when we recognize the related revenue. Some of our account executives receive a monthly draw to provide them with a more consistent income stream. The cash paid to our account executives in advance of commissions earned is reflected as a prepaid expense on our balance sheet. As our account executives earn commissions, a portion of their commission payment is withheld and offset against their prepaid commission balance, if any. Our prepaid commission balance, net of accrued earned commissions not yet paid, increased to $3.1 million as of June 30, 2015 from $3.0 million as of December 31, 2014.
 
We agree to provide our clients with marketing materials that conform to the industry standard of a “commercially reasonable quality,” and our suppliers in turn generally agree to provide us with products of the same quality. In addition, the quotes we execute with our clients typically include customary industry terms and conditions that limit the amount of our liability for product defects. Product defects have not had a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
  

18


Comparison of three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014
 
Revenue
 
Our revenue by segment for each of the years presented was as follows:
  
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
% of Total
 
2014
 
% of Total
 
(dollars in thousands)
North America
$
168,936

 
67.0
%
 
$
181,402

 
69.7
%
Latin America
26,417

 
10.5
%
 
28,192

 
10.8
%
EMEA
56,874

 
22.5
%
 
50,756

 
19.5
%
Net revenues from third parties
$
252,227

 
100.0
%
 
$
260,350

 
100.0
%
 
North America
 
North America revenue decreased by $12.5 million, or 6.9%, from $181.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2014 to $168.9 million during the three months ended June 30, 2015. This decrease in revenue is driven primarily by a reduction in our middle market client activity in the three months ended June 30, 2015.

Latin America
 
Latin America revenue decreased by $1.8 million, or 6.3%, from $28.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2014 to $26.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2015. This decrease is primarily driven by the strengthening of the U.S. Dollar. On a constant currency basis, Latin America revenue increased by approximately $3.9 million, or 13.9%, primarily due to organic enterprise growth from new and existing customers.
 
EMEA
 
EMEA revenue increased by $6.1 million, or 12.1%, from $50.8 million during each the three months ended June 30, 2014 to $56.9 million during the three months ended June 30, 2015. EMEA revenue growth was also impacted by the strengthening of the U.S. Dollar. On a constant currency basis, EMEA revenue increased by approximately $16.7 million, or 32.0%, primarily due to organic enterprise growth from new and existing customers.
 
Cost of goods sold
 
Our cost of goods sold decreased by $8.2 million, or 4.1%, from $201.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2014 to $193.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2015. The decrease is a result of decreased revenue during the three months ended June 30, 2015 as described above. Our cost of goods sold as a percentage of revenue was 76.6% and 77.4% during the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
 
Gross Profit
 
Our gross profit as a percentage of revenue, which we refer to as gross margin, was 23.4% and 22.6% during the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. This increase is due to an attrition of lower gross margin middle market accounts, improving gross margins in the Latin America segment, as well as a shift in product mix to higher margin categories during the three months ended June 30, 2015.
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased by $0.2 million, or 0.4%, from $50.6 million during the three months ended June 30, 2014 to $50.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2015. As a percentage of revenue, selling, general and administrative expenses increased from 19.4% for the three months ended June 30, 2014 to 20.0% for the three months ended June 30, 2015. This increase is primarily due to lower revenues compared to the prior year as described above.


19


Depreciation and amortization
 
Depreciation and amortization expense decreased by $0.1 million, or 2.5%, from $4.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2014 to $4.3 million during the three months ended June 30, 2015.
 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration
 
Expense from the change in fair value of contingent consideration increased by $0.2 million from expense of $0.5 million during the three months ended June 30, 2014 to expense of $0.7 million during the three months ended June 30, 2015. This increase was primarily due to certain prior year acquisitions achieving their performance targets during the three months ended June 30, 2015, resulting in an increase to the contingent consideration liability for those acquisitions to their full payable amount.

Income from operations

Income from operations increased by $0.2 million, or 6.0%, from $3.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2014 to $3.6 million during the three months ended June 30, 2015. As a percentage of revenue, income from operations was 1.4% and 1.3% during the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. This increase is primarily attributable to the increase in gross margin discussed above, partially offset by the increase in selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue.

Other expense
 
Other expense remained constant at $1.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014.
 
Income tax expense

Income tax expense increased by $0.4 million from $0.7 million during the three months ended June 30, 2014 to $1.1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2015. Our effective tax rate was 43.5% and 31.4% for the three month periods ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
 
The effective tax rates were affected by the fair value changes to contingent consideration in each period. Portions of the total amount recognized from fair value changes to contingent consideration relate to non-taxable acquisitions for which deferred taxes are not recognized, consistent with the treatment of goodwill and intangible assets for those acquisitions under GAAP. Excluding the impact of these transactions in each period, the effective tax rate was 34.6% and 31.4% in the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The increase in the effective tax rates is primarily due to the expiration of the federal research and development tax credit at the end of 2014 and forecasted changes in pre-tax income mix by jurisdiction.
 
Net income  
 
Net income decreased by $0.2 million, or 10.9%, from $1.6 million during the three months ended June 30, 2014 to 1.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2015, primarily attributable to the higher income tax expense discussed above. Net income as a percentage of revenue remained constant at 0.6% during the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014.

Comparison of six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014

Revenue

Our revenue by segment for each of the years presented was as follows:
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
% of Total
 
2014
 
% of Total
 
(dollars in thousands)
North America
$
339,737

 
68.7
%
 
$
348,843

 
69.5
%
Latin America
48,366

 
9.8
%
 
52,900

 
10.5
%
EMEA
106,220

 
21.5
%
 
100,096

 
20.0
%
Net revenues from third parties
$
494,323

 
100.0
%
 
$
501,839

 
100.0
%

20



North America

North America revenue decreased by $9.1 million, or 2.6%, from $348.8 million million during the six months ended June 30, 2014 to $339.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2015. This decrease in revenue was driven primarily by a reduction in our middle market client activity in the six months ended June 30, 2015.

Latin America

Latin America revenue decreased by $4.5 million, or 8.6%, from $52.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2014 to $48.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2015. This decrease is primarily driven by the strengthening of the U.S. Dollar. On a constant currency basis, Latin America revenue increased by approximately $4.6 million, or 8.7%, primarily due to organic enterprise growth from new and existing customers.

EMEA

EMEA revenue increased by $6.1 million, or 6.1%, from $100.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2014 to $106.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2015. EMEA revenue growth was also impacted by the strengthening of the U.S. Dollar. On a constant currency basis, EMEA revenue increased by approximately $27.0 million, or 26.3%, primarily due to organic enterprise growth from new and existing customers.

Cost of goods sold

Our cost of goods sold decreased by $8.0 million, or 2.1%, from $388.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2014 to $380.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2015. The decrease is a result of the decrease in revenue as discussed above. Our cost of goods sold as a percentage of revenue was 76.9% and 77.4% during the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

Gross Profit

Our gross margin was 23.1% and 22.6% during the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. This increase is due to an attrition of lower gross margin middle market accounts, improving gross margins in the Latin America segment, as well as a shift in product mix to higher margin categories during the six months ended June 30, 2015.

Selling, general and administrative expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased by $2.1 million, or 2.1%, from $100.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2014 to $98.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2015. As a percentage of revenue, selling, general and administrative expenses decreased from 20.0% for the six months ended June 30, 2014 to 19.8% for the six months ended June 30, 2015. The decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses is primarily due to $2.1 million of restatement-related professional fees incurred during the six months ended June 30, 2014 related to Productions Graphics. Excluding restatement-related professional fees, selling general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue was 19.8% and 19.6% for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. This increase is primarily due to lower revenues compared to the prior year as described above.

Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation and amortization expense decreased by $0.2 million, or 2.2%, from $8.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2014 to $8.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2015.

Change in fair value of contingent consideration

Expense from the change in fair value of contingent consideration increased by $1.2 million from income of $0.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2014 to expense of $1.0 million during the six months ended June 30, 2015. This increase was primarily due to certain prior year acquisitions achieving their performance targets during the six months ended June 30, 2015, resulting in an increase to the contingent consideration liability for those acquisitions to their full payable amount.


21


Income from operations

Income from operations increased by $1.7 million from $4.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2014 to $6.6 million during the six months ended June 30, 2015. As a percentage of revenue, income from operations was 1.3% and 1.0% during the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. This increase is primarily attributable to the increase in gross margin, decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses, including restatement-related professional fees, offset by the increase in expense from the change in fair value of contingent consideration discussed above.

Other expense

Other expense decreased by $0.1 million, or 3.2%, from $2.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2014 to $2.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2015. The decrease is primarily attributable to an increase in interest expense of $0.2 million, offset by a decrease in foreign currency losses of $0.3 million.

Income tax expense

Income tax expense increased by $1.0 million, or 124.0%, from $0.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2014 to $1.9 million the six months ended June 30, 2015. Our effective tax rate was 43.0% and 31.4% for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
 
The effective tax rates were affected by the fair value changes to contingent consideration in each period. Portions of the total amount recognized from fair value changes to contingent consideration relate to non-taxable acquisitions for which deferred taxes are not recognized, consistent with the treatment of goodwill and intangible assets for those acquisitions under GAAP. Excluding the impact of these transactions in each period, the effective tax rate was 35.4% and 31.4% in the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The increase in the effective tax rates is primarily due to the expiration of the federal research and development tax credit at the end of 2014 and forecasted changes in pre-tax income mix by jurisdiction.
 
Net income  
 
Net income increased by $0.7 million from $1.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2014 to $2.6 million during the six months ended June 30, 2015. Net income as a percentage of revenue increased from 0.4% during the six months ended June 30, 2014 to 0.5% during the six months ended June 30, 2015. This increase is primarily attributable to the increase in gross margin, decrease in selling, general and administrative expense including restatement-related professional fees, offset by the increase in expense from the change in fair value of contingent consideration and the increase in the effective tax rate, discussed above.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
At June 30, 2015, we had $15.6 million of cash and cash equivalents.

Operating Activities. Cash used in operating activities primarily consists of net income adjusted for certain non-cash items, including depreciation and amortization and the effect of changes in working capital and other activities. Cash provided by operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2015 was $1.0 million and consisted of net income of $2.6 million and $14.8 million of non-cash items, offset by $16.4 million used by working capital and other activities. The most significant impact on working capital and other activities consisted of an increase in inventory of $10.8 million, an increase in accounts receivable and unbilled revenue of $10.3 million, an increase in accounts payable of $6.0 million, and a decrease in accrued expenses and other liabilities of $1.9 million.

Cash used in operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2014 was was $4.2 million and consisted of net income of $1.9 million and $12.1 million of non-cash items, offset by $18.2 million used by working capital and other activities. The most significant impact on working capital and other activities consisted of an increase in accounts receivable and unbilled revenue of $19.3 million and an increase in prepaid expenses and other assets of $7.8 million, offset by an increase in accrued expenses and other of $5.0 million and an increase in accounts payable of $4.2 million.

Investing Activities. Cash used in investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2015 of $8.7 million was entirely attributable to capital expenditures.
 

22


Cash used in investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2014 of $8.4 million was primarily attributable to
capital expenditures of $7.8 million.
 
Financing Activities.   Cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2015 of $1.4 million was primarily attributable to net borrowings under the revolving credit facility of $7.4 million, offset by repurchases of common stock of $4.9 million and payments of contingent consideration of $2.2 million.
 
Cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2014 of $17.3 million was primarily
attributable to net borrowings under the revolving credit facility of $20.0 million and $2.2 million of net short-term secured borrowings, offset by payments of contingent consideration of $4.7 million.

Share Repurchase Program
 
In February 2015, we announced that our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program. Under the program, we are authorized to repurchase up to $20.0 million of our outstanding common stock over the next two years. The timing and amount of any share repurchases will be determined based on market conditions, share price and other factors, and the program may be discontinued or suspended at any time. Repurchases will be made in compliance with SEC rules and other legal requirements. This share repurchase program gives us the option to capitalize on opportunities provided by the market to create additional shareholder value, while maintaining the flexibility to invest in our growth.

During the three months ended June 30, 2015, we repurchased 219,163 shares of its common stock for $1.4 million at an average cost of $6.38 per share. During the six months ended June 30, 2015, we repurchased 763,787 shares of its common stock for $4.9 million at an average cost of $6.41 per share. Shares repurchased under this program are recorded at acquisition cost, including related expenses.

Revolving Credit Facility

We entered into a Credit Agreement, dated as of August 2, 2010, subsequently amended most recently as of September 25, 2014, among us, the lenders party thereto and Bank of America, N.A., as Administrative Agent (the “Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement includes a revolving commitment amount of $175 million in the aggregate with a maturity date of September 25, 2019, and provides us the right to increase the aggregate commitment amount by an additional $50 million. Outstanding borrowings under the revolving credit facility are guaranteed by our material domestic subsidiaries. Our obligations under the Credit Agreement and such domestic subsidiaries’ guaranty obligations are secured by substantially all of their respective assets. The ranges of applicable rates charged for interest on outstanding loans and letters of credit are 125-250 basis point spread for letter of credit fees and loans based on the Eurodollar rate and 25-150 basis point spread for loans based on the base rate.
 
The terms of the Credit Agreement include various covenants, including covenants that require us to maintain a maximum leverage ratio and a minimum interest coverage ratio. The Credit Agreement requires us to maintain a leverage ratio of no more than 3.25 to 1.0 for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 and 3.00 to 1.0 for each period thereafter. We are also required to maintain an interest coverage ratio of no less than 5.00 to 1.0. We are in compliance with all debt covenants as of June 30, 2015.
 
At June 30, 2015, we had $36.2 million of unused availability under the Credit Agreement and $0.7 million of letters of credit which have not been drawn upon.
 
In addition, we will continue to utilize cash, in part, to fund acquisitions and expand our operations. We believe that our available cash and cash equivalents and the $36.2 million available under our revolving credit facility will be sufficient to meet our working capital and operating expenditure requirements for the foreseeable future. Thereafter, we may find it necessary to obtain additional equity or debt financing.
 
We earn a significant amount of our operating income outside the United States, which is deemed to be permanently reinvested in foreign jurisdictions. We do not currently foresee a need to repatriate funds; however, should we require more capital in the United States than is generated by our operations locally or through debt or equity issuances, we could elect to repatriate funds held in foreign jurisdictions. If foreign earnings were to be remitted to the United States, foreign tax credits would be available to reduce any U.S. tax due upon repatriation. Included in our cash and cash equivalents are amounts held by foreign subsidiaries. We had $10.9 million and $17.5 million of foreign cash and cash equivalents as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively, which are generally denominated in the local currency where the funds are held.
 

23


Off-Balance Sheet Obligations
 
We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.
 
Contractual Obligations
 
With the exception of the contingent consideration in connection with our business acquisitions discussed in Note 2 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, there have been no material changes outside the normal course of business in the contractual obligations disclosed in Item 7 to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014, under the caption “Contractual Obligations.”
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
As of June 30, 2015, there were no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.
 
Forward-Looking Statements
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, contains words such as “may,” “will,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “estimate” and “objective” or the negative thereof or similar terminology concerning the Company’s future financial performance, business strategy, plans, goals and objectives. These expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements include information concerning our possible or assumed future performance or results of operations and are not guarantees. While these statements are based on assumptions and judgments that management has made in light of industry experience as well as perceptions of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors believed to be appropriate under the circumstances, they are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different. Some of the factors that would cause future results to differ from the recent results or those projected in forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, the risk factors described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.
 
Additional Information
 
We make our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, other reports and information filed with the SEC and amendments to those reports available, free of charge, through our Internet website (http://www.inwk.com) as soon as reasonably practical after we electronically file or furnish such materials to the SEC. All of our filings may be read or copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 450 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20549. Information on the operation of the Public Filing Room can be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains an Internet website (http://www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding issuers that file electronically.

24



Item 3.            Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
Commodity Risk
 
We are dependent upon the availability of paper, and paper prices represent a substantial portion of the cost of our products. The supply and price of paper depend on a variety of factors over which we have no control, including environmental and conservation regulations, natural disasters and weather. We believe a 10% increase in the price of paper would not have a significant effect on our consolidated statements of income or cash flows, as these costs are generally passed through to our clients.
 
Interest Rate Risk
 
We have exposure to changes in interest rates on our revolving credit facility. Interest is payable at the adjusted LIBOR rate or the alternate base rate. Assuming our $175.0 million revolving credit facility was fully drawn, a 1.0% increase in the interest rate would increase our annual interest expense by $1.75 million.
 
Our interest income is sensitive to changes in the general level of U.S. interest rates, in particular because all of our investments are in cash equivalents and marketable securities. The average duration of our investments as of June 30, 2015 was less than one year. Due to the short-term nature of our investments, we believe that there is no material risk exposure.
 
Foreign Currency Risk
 
We transact business in various foreign currencies other than the U.S. dollar, principally the Euro, British pound sterling, Brazilian real, Peruvian Nuevo Sol, Mexican peso, Colombian peso, and Chilean peso, which exposes us to foreign currency risk. For the three months ended June 30, 2015, we derived approximately 33.5% of our revenue from international customers, and we expect the percentage of revenue derived from outside the United States to increase in future periods as we continue to expand globally. Revenue and related expenses generated from our international operations are denominated in the functional currencies of the corresponding country. The functional currency of our subsidiaries that either operate or support these markets is generally the same as the corresponding local currency. The results of operations of, and certain of our intercompany balances associated with, our international operations are exposed to foreign exchange rate fluctuations. Changes in exchange rates could negatively affect our revenue and other operating results as expressed in U.S. dollars. We may record significant gains or losses on the remeasurement of intercompany balances. Foreign exchange gains and losses recorded to date have been immaterial to our financial statements. At this time we do not, but in the future we may enter into derivatives or other financial instruments in an attempt to hedge our foreign currency exchange risk. It is difficult to predict the impact hedging activities would have on our results of operations.
 
Item 4.            Controls and Procedures
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
Under the supervision and with the participation of our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, we evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of June 30, 2015. The term “disclosure controls and procedures,” as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the company's management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 
Management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of June 30, 2015, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded that, as of such date, the Company's disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level.
 


25


Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
In the third quarter of 2013, we began the implementation of a new global enterprise resource planning system which includes the implementation of shared service centers in some regions. This multi-year initiative will be conducted in phases and will include modifications to the design and operation of internal controls over financial reporting. We are testing internal controls over financial reporting for design effectiveness prior to implementation of each phase, and we have monitoring controls in place over the implementation of these changes.

Except as described above, there have been no other changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rules 13a–15(f) and 15d–15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the quarter ended June 30, 2015 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

26



PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.            Legal Proceedings
 
For more information on our legal proceedings, see Note 10 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in this Form 10-Q.
 
Item 1A.         Risk Factors
 
There have been no material changes in the risk factors described in Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.
 
Item 2.            Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 
 
There were no unregistered sales of the Company's equity securities during the period covered by this report.
 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
On February 12, 2015, we announced that our Board of Directors approved a share repurchase program providing us authorization to repurchase up to an aggregate of $20.0 million of our common stock through open market and privately negotiated transactions over a two-year period. The timing and amount of any share repurchases will be determined based on market conditions, share price and other factors, and the program may be discontinued or suspended at any time. Repurchases will be made in compliance with SEC rules and other legal requirements.
 
The following table provides information relating to our purchase of shares of our common stock in the second quarter of 2015.
Period
 
Number of Shares Purchased(1)
 
Average Price Paid Per Share
 
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs
 
Maximum Number of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs(2)
4/1/15-4/30/15
 
4,973

 
$
6.50

 
1,600

 
2,605,049

5/1/15-5/31/15
 
221,169

 
6.38

 
217,563

 
2,374,657

6/1/15-6/30/15
 
30,674

 
6.65

 

 
2,264,290

Total
 
256,816

 
$
6.41

 
219,163

 
 


(1)
Includes 37,653 shares delivered to us by employees to satisfy the mandatory tax withholding requirement upon vesting of restricted stock.
(2)
The share repurchase plan authorized by our Board of Directors allows repurchases of up to $20 million of our common stock.  The maximum number of shares that may yet be repurchased under the plan is estimated using the closing share price on the last day of each period presented.













27






Item 6.            Exhibits
 
Exhibit No  
 
Description of Exhibit
10.1
 
Employment Agreement, dated as of June 30, 2015, between InnerWorkings, Inc. and Jeffrey P. Pritchett (incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K filed July 6, 2015).
 
 
 
31.1
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
 
31.2
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
 
32.1
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
 
32.2
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
 
101.INS**
 
XBRL Instance Document
 
 
 
101.SCH**
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
 
 
 
101.CAL**
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
 
 
 
101.DEF**
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
 
 
 
101.LAB**
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
 
 
 
101.PRE**
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
 
**Submitted electronically with this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q

28



SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
INNERWORKINGS, INC.
 
 
 
Date: August 10, 2015
By: 
/s/    Eric D. Belcher
 
 
Eric D. Belcher
 
 
Chief Executive Officer
 
 
 
Date: August 10, 2015
By:
/s/    Ryan K. Spohn
 
 
Ryan K. Spohn
 
 
Interim Chief Financial Officer
 

29






Three Months Ended March 31, 2015



EXHIBIT INDEX
 
Number
 
Description
10.1
 
Employment Agreement, dated as of June 30, 2015, between InnerWorkings, Inc. and Jeffrey P. Pritchett (incorporated by reference to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K filed July 6, 2015).
 
 
 
31.1
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
 
31.2
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
 
32.1
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
 
32.2
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
 
101.INS**
 
XBRL Instance Document
 
 
 
101.SCH**
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
 
 
 
101.CAL**
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
 
 
 
101.DEF**
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
 
 
 
101.LAB**
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
 
 
 
101.PRE**
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
 
**Submitted electronically with this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q
 

30
INWK Q2 2015 EX. 31.1


EXHIBIT 31.1
 
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER
INNERWORKINGS, INC.
PURSUANT TO
 SECTION 302 Of THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
 
I, Eric D. Belcher, certify that:

1.
 I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of InnerWorkings, Inc.;

2.
Based on my knowledge, this quarterly report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this quarterly report;

3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this quarterly report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this quarterly report;

4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and we have:

a)
designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this quarterly report is being prepared;

b)
designed such internal controls over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c)
evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this quarterly report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report based on such evaluation; and

d)
disclosed in this quarterly report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a)
all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b)
any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
Date: August 10, 2015
/s/    Eric D. Belcher
 
Eric D. Belcher
 
Chief Executive Officer



INWK Q2 2015 EX. 31.2


EXHIBIT 31.2
 
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER
INNERWORKINGS, INC.
PURSUANT TO
SECTION 302 Of THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
 
I, Ryan K. Spohn, certify that:

1.
I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of InnerWorkings, Inc.;

2.
Based on my knowledge, this quarterly report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this quarterly report;

3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this quarterly report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this quarterly report;

4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and we have:

a)
designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this quarterly report is being prepared;

b)
designed such internal controls over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c)
evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this quarterly report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report based on such evaluation; and

d)
disclosed in this quarterly report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a)
all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b)
any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
Date: August 10, 2015
/s/    Ryan K. Spohn
 
Ryan K. Spohn
 
Interim Chief Financial Officer
 



INWK Q2 2015 EX. 32.1


EXHIBIT 32.1
 
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER
PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 Of THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
 
I, Eric D. Belcher, Chief Executive Officer of InnerWorkings, Inc. (the “Company”), hereby certify, that:
 
(1)
The Company’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2015 (the “Form 10-Q”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and

(2)
The information contained in the Form 10-Q fairly presents, in all material aspects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
 
/s/ Eric D. Belcher
 
Eric D. Belcher
 
Chief Executive Officer
 
August 10, 2015
 
  



INWK Q2 2015 EX. 32.2


EXHIBIT 32.2
 
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER
PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 Of THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
 
I, Ryan K. Spohn, Chief Financial Officer of InnerWorkings, Inc. (the “Company”), hereby certify, that:
 
(1)
The Company’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2015 (the “Form 10-Q”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and

(2)
The information contained in the Form 10-Q fairly presents, in all material aspects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
 
/s/ Ryan K. Spohn
 
Ryan K. Spohn
 
Interim Chief Financial Officer
 
August 10, 2015